| [p. xliv]
language, physiology is inseparable from physics and
we learn that Hippocrates was
already known as "the Great Hippocrates."
Politics, VII. 4 (1326 a).|
Such is the ancient account of Hippocrates, a
name without writings, as Wilamowitz says. There
is no quotation from any treatise in the Corpus before
and he assigns as the author not Hippocrates
|Who quotes from Nature of Man.
The Phaedrus passage, indeed,
has been recognized by Littré as a reference to
Ancient Medicine, but Galen is positive that it refers
to Nature of Man.
|See Littré VI. 58 and Aristotle Hist. Animal. III. 3
(512 b), and compare Galen XV. 11.|
In fact the connexion between the great physician
and the collection of writings which bears his name
cannot with any confidence be carried further back
than Ctesias the Cnidian,
Diocles of Carystus
|Ctesias appears to have known the treatise Articulations,
Littreé I. 70.|
|Diocles criticises Aphorisms II. 33. See Dietz Scholia in
Hippocratem et Galenum II. 326, and Littré I. 321-323.|
the writer of the recently discovered Iatrica.
Ctesias and Diocles belong to the earlier half of the
fourth century, and Menon was a pupil of Aristotle.
|Menon refers to Airs (περὶ φυσῶν), Nature of Man, Places
in Man, and Glands, Hippocrates being expressly connected
with the first two.|
7. THE ASCLEPIADAE.
Hippocrates was, according to Plato, an Asclepiad.
This raises the very difficult question, who the
Asclepiadae were. Its difficulty is typical of several