diech=kan. The story of the escapes of Cyrene is full of suspicious
elements, the λόγιον, the presence of the admiral ( 2), the panic ( 3);
nor is it consistent ( 2) with H.'s view that the Persian expedition
aimed at general conquest (c. 145 n.), or with the attack on Euesperides
(c. 204). Probably it is a version made up after the fall of
the Battiads by Cyrenaean vanity. Menecles (F. H. G. iv. 449,
fr. 2) represents Pheretime as having at once established her
grandson Battus IV on the throne, and then as subduing a
Cyrenaean rebellion with a Persian army.
a)naspa/stous. For transplantation of conquered peoples cf. iii.
93. 2 and vi. 3 nn.
*baktri/hs. That H. had ever been in Bactria is now believed by
no one. It is interesting to contrast the precise details of vi. 119 as
to the similar deportation of the Eretrians to Ardericca (near Susa),
with the bare ἐς ἐμέ here (cf. for H.'s travels Introd. pp. 16-20).
eu)le/wn e)ce/zese. Sulla (Plut. c. 36) and Herod Agrippa (Acts xii. 23)
died by the same loathsome disease; the reflection of H. is most
th=s *ba/ttou. Pheretime was the wife of Battus III (the lame);
but the words would naturally mean daughter of Battus. In this
case she would be the daughter of Battus II, who came to the
throne about 575 B. C., probably as a youngish man; his father only
reigned sixteen years (159. 1). H. expressly tells us that kindred
marriages were practised by the royal house (164. 4); that Battus III
should marry his aunt would be another trace of the native strain
in the blood of the Battiadae. The fact that Pheretime herself is
of the royal house suits well the prominent part which she plays in
the story (165. 1).
The Persians under Megabazus conquer Thrace. Digressions
on the customs and deities of the Thracians (3-8), the lands
beyond the Danube (9, 10), on Darius and the Paeonians (11-13),
and on the dwellings on Lake Prasias (16). The account of primitive
customs makes this section, like the more detailed ones on Scythia
and Libya, of the greatest interest to anthropologists.
After the excursus on Cyrene and Libya (iv. 145 f.) H. takes up
again the narrative of Persian conquest in Europe from iv. 144.
*(ellhsponti/wn: in the wide sense; cf. iv. 38 n.