With regard to the seasons, if the winter be of a dry and northerly
character, and the spring rainy and southerly, in summer there will
necessarily be acute fevers, ophthalmies, and dysenteries, especially
in women, and in men of a humid temperament.
If the but the spring dry and northerly, women whose term of delivery
should be in spring, have abortions from any slight cause; and those
who reach their full time, bring forth children who are feeble, and
diseased, so that they either die presently, or, if they live, are
puny and unhealthy. Other people are subject to dysenteries and ophthalmies,
and old men to catarrhs, which quickly cut them off.
If the summer be dry and northerly and the autumn rainy and southerly,
headaches occur in winter, with coughs, hoarsenesses, coryzae, and
in some cases consumptions.
But if the autumn be northerly and dry, it agrees well with persons
of a humid temperament, and with women; but others will be subject
to dry ophthalmies, acute fevers, coryzae, and in some cases melancholy.
Of the constitutions of the year, the dry, upon the whole, are
more healthy than the rainy, and attended with less mortality.
The diseases which occur most frequently in rainy seasons are,
protracted fevers, fluxes of the bowels, mortifications, epilepsies,
apoplexies, and quinsies; and in dry, consumptive diseases, ophthalmies,
arthritic diseases, stranguries, and dysenteries.
With regard to the states of the weather which continue but for
a day, that which is northerly, braces the body, giving it tone, agility,
and color, improves the sense of hearing, dries up the bowels, pinches
the eyes, and aggravates any previous pain which may have been seated
in the chest. But the southerly relaxes the body, and renders it humid,
brings on dullness of hearing, heaviness of the head, and vertigo,
impairs the movements of the eyes and the whole body, and renders
the alvine discharges watery.
With regard to the seasons, in spring and in the commencement
of summer, children and those next to them in age are most